Water: Kathmandu Biggest Problem

Inadequate access to water was ranked as the number one problem across all six areas. The problem is so critical that most communities and individuals rely on alternate sources of water. As is evident from the infographic below, the majority of households in our survey areas rely on jar water, followed by a significant portion buying water tankers. Meanwhile, much fewer households rely on public taps, demonstrating the deteriorating condition of natural water sources. There are also a few examples of ground water being pumped into a community tank.

While we have anecdotal evidence to suggest that there is massive ground water pumping at the household level through borewells and tubewells, many respondents did not point to this source.

45%

We are all used to purchasing water alternatives for ourselves. Therefore, we may not always consider the massive cost associated with buying water. Let us look at it through a caste study:

A total of 14 people occupy a three-story house in Kathmandu. One water tanker, or 7000 litres of…

We are all used to purchasing water alternatives for ourselves. Therefore, we may not always consider the massive cost associated with buying water. Let us look at it through a caste study:

A total of 14 people occupy a three-story house in Kathmandu. One water tanker, or 7000 litres of water, lasts for a month when distributed among all the flats occupied by the 14 people when used for cooking/dishes and drinking. They do not use the water for washing clothes or other non-essential purposes. We assume that they are forced to purchase a tank for three months every year.

They spend 1500*3= NPR 4500 a year just for the water tanker. According to our survey, there are 96 people who use water tankers as an alternative and 281 people who use water jars as analternative to KUKL-supplied tap water. Monetarily, this converts to:

7000 litres water tank (for three months) = Rs 1500*3 = Rs4500
People buying water tanker =96 (let us assume that these people are not from the same household)

Total cost = Rs 4500*96 = Rs. 432,000 per year.
This is just the number from three areas in two wards. When we extrapolate these numbers to the
total population of Kathmandu, which is 254,292 than we can actually figure out the monetary flow for the private alternatives.

 

  • Meanwhile, the KUKL:
  • – Has an annual budget of NPR 850 million (815626000 for fiscal year2070/2071)
  • – About NPR 250 million (Rs212530000) is spend on operations and maintenance.
  • – The monthly water tariff per month is NPR 150 for 10,000 liters.
  • – The daily water demand in the Valley at present is 350 million liters, the KUKL supplies barely 60 million liters.

9%
9%
5%
50%

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